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  Vortigern Studies > Wansdyke > West to East > Section 8

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.Wansdyke Project 21
is part of
Vortigern Studies

VORTIGERN STUDIES

 
 

Wansdyke from West to East
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East Wansdyke 8
Robert Vermaat

old maps
click here for maps of
Section 8


Section 8:
Shepherds’ Shore to Milk Hill
Wiltshire
Access for the disabledFree access to the monument
  click here for directions to Section 8

East Wansdyke at Brown's Barn, looking east to Bishop's Canning Down.
East Wansdyke at Brown's Barn (click here to enlarge), looking east to Bishop's Canning Down. In the middle distance you can see the Romano-British enclosure.

East Wansdyke at Brown's Barn, looking east to Bishop's Canning Down.
Another air shot of East Wansdyke at Brown's Barn (click here to enlarge), looking east to Bishop's Canning Down.

East Wansdyke at Tan Hill, loking west to Morgan's Hill
East Wansdyke at Tan Hill (click here to enlarge), looking west to Morgan's Hill. Left is Roundway Down, where the famous 1643 battle was fought.

Wansdyke now runs down to the modern Devizes road in a very straight line, which it crosses at Shepherds’ Shore. This is possibly the best-known section of Wansdyke, for everybody passing along this much-frequented road is bound to observe the very obvious course of the earthwork to the west and east of the road. Though parking is troublesome here, the very beautiful pictures displayed of this section were made by two American visitors who dared to.

East Wansdyke running east to Tan Hill, taken in Summer 2001

  East Wansdyke running east to Tan Hill, taken in Winter 2001

Indeed, as we can observe from this beautiful view of east Wansdyke towards Tan Hill, it pays off! (click here to enlarge the summer or the winter image)

East Wansdyke on Bishop's Canning DownWansdyke at its most formidable, looking west to Shepherds' Shore.East of the road, the ditch is filled in, but it soon regains the depth that is so typical for East Wansdyke. Wansdyke now climbs out of the dry valley. As it climbs the shoulder of Bishop's Canning Down, again on the reverse slope (the hill-crest being 300ft to the north!), Wansdyke is strengthened by an immense counterscarp, with a second ditch in front, a unique feature for Wansdyke, albeit a very short one. As seen in the picture right (click here to enlarge), as well as the 1956 one left, which shows cleary by the dwarfed figures on what scale Wansdyke once was built. The very deep ditch can clearly be seen on the two images below, and it takes no difficulty imagining an army attempting to cross Wansdyke at this point - and failing miserably!

Bottom of the ditch (looking east)
This image from the bottom of the ditch (looking east) shows the scale on which East Wansdyke was constructed. (click here to enlarge)

Summer image from the ditch.
This image shows about the same spot, but during summer. (click here to enlarge)

The very large counterscarp at Bishop's Cannings Down
This image shows the very large counterscarp, which seems to have been created especially for counterbalancing the unfavorable position (behind the crest) of East Wansdyke at this point.(click here to enlarge)

Wansdyke runs on in a straight line across Bishop's Canning Down, but a small bend occurs just before Brown’s Barn, where Wansdyke uses one side of a Romano-British enclosure. Just beyond that, Pitt-Rivers dug a second section (1890) after the one encountered above, and he found again evidence of 1st, 2nd and 3rd century date, which proved once more that Wansdyke was to be dated to Late or Sub-Roman times.

East Wansdyke on Tan Hill, 1956The course of the earthwork takes us straight east towards the foot of Tan Hill, where the dyke curves sharply to the south in the ascent of the hill. Here, Wansdyke commands a better defensive position than ever before; its field of view is excellent, covering the whole of the Kennet valley and beyond, and any movement could have been detected from as far away as 5 miles on a good day. Maybe as a consequense, there is hardly any counterscarp, as can be seen on this 1956 picture (click here to enlarge).

Wansdyke skirts the steeps heads of the combes that flow away to the north, and which must prevent lateral movement, canalising any line of assault. From Tan Hill, practically the whole line of Wansdyke is visible. Westwards to Morgan’s Hill, and eastwards towards the low ground beyond Milk Hill, up to the wooded reaches of Savernake Forest, where Wansdyke is now thought to end. It is not a strange thought to suppose that East Wansdyke may have been planned from this point by the builders.

Here we encounter more of the aforementioned earlier earthworks, although all on a much minor scale when compared to Wansdyke. Wansdyke rolls right over these, submerging them as it were, leaving just a small hump.

Directions to Section 8 can be found here.

Follow Wansdyke further through Section 9

Bibliography

  • Burrow, Edward J. (1926): From Morgan's Hill to Savernake, in: Major and Burrow: The Mystery of Wansdyke, pp. 92-105.*
  • Crawford, O.G.S. (1960): Archaeology in the Field, (London).*
  • Fox, Cyril and A. Fox (1958): Wansdyke reconsidered, in: Archaeological Journal 115, pp. 1-48.*
  • Boyles, Joe and Jake Livingstone: A Millenial Quest for Arthur; in Search of Britain's Lost King, at: http://panther.bsc.edu/~arthur/

Several images by kind permision of David Craig, Jake Livingstone and Joe Boyles.


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